All parts of our body need energy to function, which comes from the food we eat. The human body is powered by energy from the breakdown of a single chemical compound called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is basically the body’s energy currency. Mitochondria are the main site for ATP synthesis in mammals, although some ATP is also synthesized in the cytoplasm of cells without mitochondria.
The human body uses fat, protein, and carbohydrate molecules from the food we eat to produce the energy needed to drive ATP synthesis.
We all know that our energy levels do not stay the same throughout the day. Mostly, our life habits are blamed for our low energy. All too often, our body can be under siege from a sudden bolt of energy. The most surprising lightning bolts are as follows:
We lose muscle mass naturally as we age. If you have less muscle mass, you have fewer mitochondria and less ATP, which leads to lower energy. Immobility exacerbates the problem by weakening and contracting the muscles, resulting in ineffective energy use. Therefore, physical activity strengthens the muscles, makes them more efficient, and maintains ATP. Get the recommended 30 minutes a day, at least five days a week, of moderate intensity exercise. 30 minutes can be divided into several shorter periods. Additionally, include strength training exercises at least three times per week.
An unhealthy diet lowers your energy level. So eat a balanced diet that includes a variety of unrefined carbohydrates, proteins and fats, with an emphasis on vegetables, whole grains, and healthy oils. Cut back on refined sugar and white starches to only the occasional desserts. You might get a quick boost of energy but the feeling fades away quickly. It can leave you drained, and you crave more sweets. When low energy is the problem, it is better to eat small meals and snacks every few hours rather than three large meals a day.
Poor sleep quality can make you feel sluggish throughout the day. A peaceful night’s sleep can make you feel more energized and awake when you wake up. Sleep quality is only part of how sleep affects your energy levels throughout the day. Fresh, clean mattresses, low noise levels and cooler temperatures in your bedroom will contribute to a more satisfying sleep experience.
Our body cannot withstand prolonged exposure to mental, emotional or physical stress for an extended period of time without consequences. Anxiety may also contribute to overstimulation of the stress response, leading to increased nutrient depletion. Long-term stress and anxiety can cause cortisol levels to rise, with a negative effect on sleep, which further affects energy levels due to sleep deprivation.
Some medications may cause a lack of energy as a side effect. If this is the case, tell your doctor so that the medications can be changed if needed.
Feeling tired once is a good thing. But if you have always lived with this feeling, it is time to see your doctor to see if you have any chronic disease. Diseases such as depression, diabetic anemia, heart disease, multiple sclerosis, and a slow or overactive thyroid gland can lead to a lack of energy.
We know that mitochondria are the “energy factory” of our bodies. Mitochondrial diseases are a group of disorders caused by dysfunctional mitochondria. It is a chronic, inherited disorder. Mitochondrial diseases can be present at birth, but they can also occur at any age. It can affect almost any part of the body.
Secondary mitochondrial dysfunction can affect many diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease, muscular dystrophy, Lou Gehrig’s disease, diabetes and cancer. Individuals with secondary mitochondrial abnormalities do not have primary genetic mitochondrial disease.
We all feel exhausted and lack energy at some point. However, if you find it difficult to perform daily activities at your normal energy levels, it needs further investigation. Perhaps, you may be under siege from a sudden lightning bolt.